Planetary Science and Resources Discoveries

Planetary scientists sharing ideas and discoveries.

Planetary Science and Resources Discoveries (PSRD) is an educational site sharing the latest research on the nature and origin of the Moon, meteorites, asteroids, planets, and other materials in our Solar System, and on identifying potential resources on those bodies that could be tapped for the benefit of people on Earth. Original support came from the Planetary Science Division of NASA's Science Mission Directorate and Hawai'i Space Grant Consortium. This site is a vital link for what's new in planetary and space sciences, space resources exploration, and learning how science works.

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General Resources

[ Space Science Resources   |   Learning Activities ]
[ Planetary Geology and Meteoritics Books   |   Technical Journals ]
[ How Science Works   |   Uses & Copyrights   |   How to cite   |   Search ]


Space Science Resources

Finding out about meteorites
from Royal Observatory Greenwich on Vimeo.

Inside the Meteorite Clean Room at the Smithsonian
from the Smithsonian Antarctic Meteorite Program.

NASA Astromaterials Acquisition & Curation Office. Extraterrestrial samples: Genesis, Stardust, Microparticle Impact, Meteorites, Moon, Cosmic Dust, and Hayabusa.

NASA Astromaterials 3D. Interactive, high-resolution, research-grade 3D visualizations and interior scans of NASA's collections of Apollo Lunar Samples and Antarctic Meteorites.

Meteorites: An Overview by Edward R. D. Scott (2011) Elements, v. 7(1), p. 47-48. Linked here by PSRD with permission.

Meteoritical Bulletin Database, searchable database with authoritative information about meteorite names with additional facts that include classification, place and year of discovery, photographs, and references for more details.
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Antarctic Meteorite Classification Database, published online by

Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter, online volumes published twice a year by

Antarctic Meteorite Sample References, online, searchable bibliography with over 1600 peer-reviewed publications through 2017, by

"Best Practices for the Use of Meteorite Names in Publications," open access article, by Heck P. R. and 29 others (2019) in Meteoritics & Planetary Science, v. 54(7), p. 1397-1400.

Lunar Meteorites, comprehensive site from Randy Korotev, Washington University in St. Louis.

Mars Meteorites, comprehensive site from Ron Baalke, Jet Propulsion Lab.

Meteorites and Their Properties, by David A. Kring, Lunar and Planetary Institute. Also available in Spanish.

Meteorite Classification Chart, from

The Meteoritical Society.
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Apollo Digital Image Archive from Arizona State University.

Apollo Lunar Sample and Photo Catalog from NASA Astromaterials Acquisition & Curation Office.

Apollo Lunar Sample Atlas from the Lunar and Planetary Institute.

Apollo Lunar Soil Characterization Consortium from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

Cosmochemistry Illustrated, slide presentations with extraterrestrial examples of topics covered in undergraduate geochemistry, petrology, and introductory geology courses.

Moon Trek from JPL, an interactive mapping and modeling portal to view imagery and perform analysis on data from the Moon.

NASA Image and Video Library

NASA Mars Exploration Program.

NASA Mars Images: Mars Orbiter Camera on Mars Global Surveyor, from Malin Space Science Systems.

NASA National Space Grant Program.

NASA News and Events.

NASA Planetary Photojournal, comprehensive resource for publicly released images from NASA Solar System exploration programs.

NASA Science Mission Directorate.

NASA Solar System Exploration.

NASA Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute, SSERVI.

NASA Solar System Lithographs of asteroids, comets, moons, planets, Sun, plus background information for each; from NASA Educational Materials.

Oxygen isotope plots, a primer from PSRD on how cosmochemists use these plots and interpret the data.

SAO/NASA ADS Query Form, searchable database of technical references operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under a NASA grant.

The Once and Future Moon, Blog by Dr. Paul D. Spudis hosted by Air & Space/Smithsonian magazine.

The Planetary Society, founded to empower the world's citizens to advance space science and exploration.

Welcome to the Planets, from NASA's Planetary Data System.
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Astronomy Today, astronomy, cosmology, space exploration, sky guide, and space news.

EarthSky, daily science radio service and web site with stories covering Astronomy, Earth Science, Environmental Science, and Space.

New Scientist, science and technology weekly magazine.

Slide sets, Discoveries in Planetary Science Slide Sets from the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society. Also available in Spanish and Farsi., Space news, information, education, and resources.

What is the order of the planets in our Solar System? Eight planets orbit the Sun. In order of average distance from the Sun they are: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.   Pluto, previously considered to be the farthest planet, was reclassified as a dwarf planet in 2006 by the International Astronomical Union, though this geophysical planet definition still regards Pluto as a planet. There are more dwarf planets orbiting the Sun beyond Neptune and some are in the asteroid belt.

Learning Activities for Earth and Space Sciences

(alphabetical listing, links open in new windows)

Astronomy and Space Science Activities, K-12 resources compiled by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific.

Cosmochemistry Illustrated, slide presentations (with instructional notes) with extraterrestrial examples of topics covered in undergraduate geochemistry, petrology, and introductory geology courses; from the University of Hawaii.

Exploring Planets in the Classroom, K-12 hands-on activities formatted in teacher-background pages and student sheets; from Hawaii Space Grant Consortium.

Galileo Educational Activities, K-12 resources for studying Jupiter and its moons; from the Galileo Legacy Site.

Higher Education Lunar Resources, lunar science and exploration content for undergraduate and graduate courses; from the Lunar and Planetary Institute and the Center for Lunar Science and Exploration.

IMAGE Mission NASA's Imager for Magnetosphere-to-Aurora Global Explorer, K-12 resources for learning about Earth's magnetic field, aurora, and how solar storms cause disturbances in the Earth's space environment.

Infiniscope education portal, from Arizona State University and NASA's Science Missioin Directorate.

INSPIRE Project, bringing the excitement of observing natural and manmade very-low-frequency radio waves to high school students.

LPI Educator Resources, K-12 resources; from the Lunar and Planetary Institute.

NASA Science for Educators, K-12 and public outreach resources; from the NASA Science Mission Directorate.

NASA Stardust Mission, K-12 and public outreach resoaurces; from the archived site of NASA's Comet Sample Return Mission.

Science NetLinks, K-12 resources; from the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Planetary Geology and Meteoritics Books

Greeley, Ronald, 1994, Planetary Landscapes, Chapman and Hall, 286 p.

McSween Jr., Harry Y., 2000, Meteorites and Their Parent Planets, Cambridge University Press, 310 p.

McSween Jr., Harry Y. and Huss, Gary R., 2010, Cosmochemistry, Cambridge University Press, 549 p.

Technical Journals with Cosmochemistry Content

(alphabetical listing, links open in new windows)

American Mineralogist

Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Earth and Planetary Science Letters


Geochemistry/Chemie der Erde

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

Geophysical Research Letters


Journal of Geophysical Research–Planets

Meteoritics & Planetary Science


Nature Geoscience

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


The Astrophysical Journal

How Science Works

Sagan, Carl, 1995, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark, Random House, 457 p.

Strahler, Arthur N., 1992, Understanding Science: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues, Prometheus Books, 409 p.

Use Agreement & Copyrights for PSRD

Please read this visitor's use agreement; by using this website, you accept its terms. We may change these terms from time to time without notice. By continuing to use the website after we post any such changes, you accept this agreement, as modified.

PSRD makes every effort to bring you current and accurate information. Each article is reviewed by appropriate researchers before being released to the general public. Some information accessed through the PSRD website may be preliminary. Conclusions drawn from information on this website are the responsibility of the user.

All copyrights are honored and noted. Information you receive through the PSRD website may be displayed and printed for personal, educational, and non-commercial uses, provided the PSRD credit is maintained. For other uses or for reproduction of PSRD materials in electronic, print or other publications, please contact PSRD. Furthermore, pages in this website may not be translated, transmitted, framed or stored in a retrieval system for public or private use without written permission from PSRD. Requests for permissions should be emailed to

Images credited to NASA are in the public domain and permission is not required for use or duplication. Permission to use all other images or art work should be requested from the individuals or institutions credited.

The names Planetary Science Research Discoveries, Planetary Science and Resources Discoveries, PSRD, PSRD, and PSR Discoveries are copyrighted by G. Jeffrey Taylor and Linda M. V. Martel.

Citation Conventions

PSRD recommends following the Columbia Guide to Online Style for documenting Internet sources by Janice Walker and Todd Taylor. When citing PSRD articles or reports, provide the following information:

1. The author's name, written as: last name, first name or initial.
2. Date of publication, enclosed in parentheses.
3. Full title of the document.
4. Title of the complete work, written in italics.
5. Full URL.
6. Date you accessed the online source, written in parentheses, if needed.

Here is an example:
Taylor, G. Jeffrey (Oct. 1996) Life on Mars? The Evidence and the Debate. Planetary Science Research Discoveries. (30 January 2022).

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